FROM  1967 TO 1976


The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a men’s professional basketball league.  The league has grown to become the largest professional sports league in the world!  In 1999 Joe Newman and Richard P. Tinkham founded the league. It is the re-launch of the original ABA which merged with the NBA in 1976.  Tinkham co-founded both the original ABA and the Indiana Pacers. Joe Newman was the CEO of Joe Newman Advertising, Inc. and Alliance Broadcasting Group, Inc.  The ABA was established in 1967 and merged with the National Basketball Association in 1976 [New Jersey Nets, San Antonio Spurs, Indiana Pacers, Denver Nuggets].  Some of the ABA notable players where: Julius Irving (Dr. J) George Gervin (The Iceman), Ricky Barry, Moses Malone along with, many others that came to be NBA players.  The ABA was reformed in 2000 in partnership with the NBA and has been operating in harmony for the past 16 years.

The American Basketball Association (ABA) is an American semi-professional men's basketball minor league that was founded in 1999.

The ABA has teams based in the United States and has had international teams based in Canada and Mexico. During its history, the league has had traveling teams from countries such as Australia and Japan that have played in the ABA. Additionally, the league has had teams made up of players from a particular country on a team based in the United States. This was done as a way to showcase players from that country in the United States.

The current ABA bears no relation to the original American Basketball Association (1967–1976) that was considered a major league and merged with the National Basketball Association (NBA) in 1976.

The original American Basketball Association (ABA) was a men's professional basketball league, from 1967 to 1976. The ABA ceased to exist with the American Basketball Association–National Basketball Association merger in 1976, leading to several teams joining the National Basketball Association and to the introduction of the 3-point shot in the NBA in 1979


The ABA distinguished itself from its older counterpart with a more wide-open, flashy style of offensive play, as well as differences in rules—a 30-second shot clock (as opposed to the NBA's 24-second clock, though the ABA did switch to the 24 second shot clock for the 1975–76 season) and use of a three-point field goal arc, pioneered in the earlier ABL.[2] Also, the ABA used a colorful red, white and blue ball, instead of the NBA's traditional orange ball. The ABA also had several "regional" franchises, such as the Virginia Squires and Carolina Cougars, that played "home" games in several cities.



NBA great George Mikan was the first commissioner of the ABA, where he introduced both the 3-point line and the league's trademark red, white and blue basketball.[5]Mikan resigned in 1969. Dave DeBusschere, one of the stars of the New York Knicks championship teams, moved from his job as Vice President and GM of the ABA's New York Nets in 1975 to become the last commissioner of the ABA and facilitate the ABA–NBA merger in 1976.[6]


  • The ABA season runs from November through April (including playoffs).

  • Teams are community driven, with a focus on giving back to their communities.

  • The ABA has unique rules which allow for a faster pace leading to a higher scoring and more exciting event.

    • Guard driven league results in 48 minutes of high paced action

    • Half-Court violation: the ABA is 7 seconds opposed to 8 seconds in the NBA to get across the half-court line. If an ABA team is not successful in getting over the half-court line within 7 seconds it results in a turnover which initiates the 3D light

    • When the 3D Light is on: 2 pt. shots = 3 pts. | 3 pt. shots = 4 pts. | a half-court shot = 5 pts.

    • (6) Six Fouls leads to a technical foul and the ball | a player in the ABA cannot foul out of the game, but after six fouls it results in a technical and the opposing team gets the ball. The team that has the player with six fouls has the choice to keep that player in the game or take him out due to the fact that if he fouls again they would receive not only the foul but also a technical foul.

  • The ABA has two conferences. The BLUE conference is made up of teams that play 20 or more games during the regular season. Being in the BLUE conference a team is allowed to compete in the playoffs and championship. The RED conference is made up of teams that play 19 games or less during the regular season. The RED conference allows the teams to grow at their pace and one day move to up to the BLUE conference to compete in the playoffs and championships. * The executive committee can vote a RED conference team to compete in the playoffs due to unforeseen circumstances.

  • Rumors are the WABA may be starting in the summer of the 2017-2018 season starting with at least four teams in each region. The growth rate is expected to double by year two.

Franchise | Cities | Names | Years | Fate

Anaheim Amigos
Los Angeles Stars

Utah StarsAnaheim Amigos1967–1968Folded, 1975 
NBA entered Utah in 1979 (Jazz).

Los Angeles Stars1968–1970

Utah Stars1970–1975

Dallas Chaparrals
Texas Chaparrals

San Antonio SpursDallas Chaparrals1967–1970Joined NBA, 1976, as San Antonio Spurs
NBA added a franchise in Dallas (Mavericks) in 1980.

Texas Chaparrals1970–1971

Dallas Chaparrals1971–1973

San Antonio Spurs1973–1976

Houston Mavericks
Carolina Cougars
Spirits of St. Louis-Houston Mavericks1967–1969Folded, 1976
NBA relocated San Diego Rockets to Houston as Houston Rockets in 1971.
NBA added a franchise in Charlotte (Hornets) in 1988.

Carolina Cougars1969–1974

Spirits of St. Louis1974–1976

Indiana PacersIndiana Pacers1967–1976Joined NBA, 1976, as Indiana Pacers

Kansas City
Denver Larks /Rockets /NuggetsKansas City (unnamed)1967Joined NBA, 1976, as Denver Nuggets

Denver Larks1967

Denver Rockets1967–1974

Denver Nuggets1974–1976

Kentucky ColonelsKentucky Colonels1967–1976Folded, 1976

Minnesota Muskies
Miami Floridians
Minnesota Muskies1967–1968Folded, 1972

NBA added the Miami market in 1988 with Heat
NBA added Minnesota market in 1989 with Timberwolves

Miami Floridians1968–1970


New Orleans /Louisiana Buccaneers
Memphis Pros /Tams/Sounds
Baltimore Hustlers /ClawsNew Orleans Buccaneers1967–1970Folded, 1975
Both New Orleans (Pelicans) and Memphis (Grizzlies) have NBA teams.

Louisiana Buccaneers1970

Memphis Pros1970–1972

Memphis Tams1972–1974

Memphis Sounds1974–1975

Baltimore Hustlers1975

Baltimore Claws1975

New York/New Jersey Americans
New York Nets
New York Americans1967Joined NBA, 1976, with name changes to reflect the

move to New Jersey (1977) and currently Brooklyn Nets (2012).

New Jersey Americans1967–1968

New York Nets1968–1976

Oakland Americans/Oaks
Washington Capitals
Virginia SquiresOakland Americans1967Folded, 1976
NBA relocated San Francisco Warriors to Oakland (as the Golden State Warriors) in 1971
NBA relocated Baltimore Bullets to Washington (now the Washington Wizards) in 1973.

Oakland Oaks1967–1969

Washington Capitals1969–1970

Virginia Squires1970–1976

Pittsburgh Pipers /Pioneers /Condors
Minnesota Pipers
Pittsburgh Pipers1967–1968Folded, 1972 
NBA has been in Minneapolis–St. Paul since 1989 with the Timberwolves.

Minnesota Pipers1968–1969

Pittsburgh Pipers1969–1970

Pittsburgh Pioneers1970

Pittsburgh Condors1970–1972

San Diego Conquistadors /Sails San Diego Conquistadors1972–1975Folded, 1975
NBA operated in San Diego from 1967 to 1971 with the San Diego Rockets

(now the Houston Rockets) and from 1978 to 1984 with the San Diego Clippers (

now the Los Angeles Clippers).

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